In Prevention AA-FLOODS includes a complete set of actions to respond the challenges of Floods Prevention at Local Scale.
It begins with a Diagnosis of the Atlantic Area policies against Floods:
preventive planning, institutions involved, warning systems, emergency protocols will be analysed to allow AA-FLOODS the development of useful and transferable products for the AA.
Once the Diagnosis is approved, the partners will work on a proposal to coordinate Territorial Planning with Risk Plans.
Contributions will be made to Directive EC 2007/60, regarding new risks generated by urban developments which do not drain rainwater causing flooding by run-off in lower-level neighbourhoods, or act as barriers that dam the water.
Before concluding the Diagnosis, partners specialized on the matter will lead the improvement of the resilience, through sensitization and training the Local Communities most exposed to the floods.
In parallel to the Diagnosis it will start the development of a Pilot Experience whose results will allow a Local Action Plan against Floods to be elaborated next, with contributions from all the partners.
The Pilot will map 400km of sanitation networks and place a mesh of rain gauges in 6 cities, to model torrential rains runoff and the capacity of sanitation networks to evacuate them in the scenarios that can be raised in the AA (flat or steep cities, cities affected by rivers or tides, inland or coastal areas).
Analisys of the AA States Policies against Flood Risks
Policies against Flood Risks includes:
Action Protocols, Institutions involved; Infrastructures; Alert & Response Systems; Preventive Planning; Cartography, Meteorology and Hydrology data sources and formats; Normative coordination between Land Use Planning & Risks Prevention.
This will ensure useful outputs immediately transferable to all AA regions for AA-FLOODS.
Atlantic Area International Diagnosis will highlight areas for improvement, and establish the ways for Project’s results transference to the EU 2007/60 Directive and to AA States (to National, Regional and Local Authorities).
Coordination between Territorial Planning and Risk Prevention Plans
Preventing construction in floodplains no longer avoids the risks to people and property: the urban developments themselves, which do not drain rain and generate floods by runoff, or the infrastructure that hinder overflowed rivers generate great disasters and must be evaluated under new paradigms.
Under this Action Guidelines and Proposals for the Coordination between Territorial Planning -Urban Planning – Risks Planning will show the way to incorporate flood risks generated by urban developments themselves, as a criterion to evaluate and approve Territorial and Urban Planning Plans. Andalusia and Algarve will be the Case Studies.
The goal is the development of new approaches, procedures and regulations for the coordination between urban planning and risk prevention:
- Improve the legislation applicable in Territorial Planning in the AA, to incorporate the integrated planning of the Territory and the natural and human Risks.
- Make proposals to update the EC Directive 2007/60 on Floods.
Improve Local Communities Resilience
Resilience is a matter of cities but also of the Local Communities that periodically suffer floods. The project will develop a Manual and successive awareness raising and training workshops with the local population in the cities under Pilot Experiences, for the preparation, recovery and psychological overcoming of the shock, with segmented messages (by age…), for greater effectiveness.
Resilience protocols will be validated in emergencies throughout the project and will be improved with an iterative methodology.
Its conclusions will be incorporated into the Local Flood Action Plans.
Local communities’ empowerment is a way to improve risk prevention, recovery and regeneration. We’ll boost their involvement in Local Action Plans to reinforce the resilience, safety and security of the population, strengthening resilience and planning capacity.
Pilot 1 – Torrential Rains RunOff at Local Scale
Modelling Torrential Rains Runoff at Local Scale for Prevention and Crisis Management (Evacuation, Infrastructure Management …).
Using the 3D cartography that will be developed on Early Warning actions, plus a urban mesh of rain gauges, and sanitation networks 3D mapping, AA-FLOODS will model scenarios of torrential rains runoff, its evacuation by sanitation networks, and the combined action of rivers overflow (that will be modelled in Early Warning and Crisis Management work packages) in 8 cities that suffer periodic flooding with different casuistry (coastal, inland, flat, sloped). The tests will improve the design and operation of urban networks and will be reflected in above mentioned Local Action Plans.
Outputs will be the Pilot regulations and tools for enhanced design of sanitation networks based on modelling with Free Software apps torrential rains runoff and networks evacuation. Free modeling tools and new regulations will allow Water Companies to improve the sanitation networks capacity to vacate torrential rains. Runoff simulations will contribute to Local Action Plans against Floods exceed the current Emergency Plans.
As a result, AA-FLOODS will help mitigate the damages caused by torrential rains associated with Climate Change by improving the design of urban sanitation networks. This is a way to incorporate Water Companies that operates Sanitation Networks onto Flood Prevention and Crisis Management, providing for them runoff simulation tools and guidelines to improve the design and management of the networks that evacuate the rainwater.
Local Action Plans for Flood Prevention & Emergency Management
The EU needs specific Local Action Plans for Floods, because of its devastating power and the specialized management they require. Plans that establish intervention protocols (involving local staff), and take from Pilot 1 the methods and criteria for flood simulation that specify evacuation, escape and shelter zones.
A Model for Local Emergency Plans against Floods will be developed among all the partners. It will determine different scenarios and corresponding action protocols, foreseeable damages, affected areas, evacuation routes, shelters.
The expected result is to Reduce human and material losses through Local Scale Flood Risks Management Plans. Indeed, the Development of a Local Flood Action Plan Model could serve as a guide in the AA to improve Prevention and Crisis Management at the Local Scale, and would be enhanced with the participation of all National, Regional or Local Administrations competent in Environment, Infrastructure and Emergency management.
PROJECT PROGRESS & NEWS
National and regional governments, local authorities and communities, water corporations, and scientists must collaborate urgently to enhance flood prevention, warning, coordination, and emergency management tools at the local level in disaster risk reduction programs. The necessity for immediate action became obvious following the flooding events that occurred around the world in 2021. Many people worldwide ...
AA-FLOODS junto con Rivers Trust, CaBA Urban Water Group lanzan una nueva guía sobre la gestión sostenible del agua a través de un seminario web con 128 participantes provenientes de autoridades locales, ONG ambientales, compañías de agua, gobierno y agencias, grandes terratenientes, incluidos el National Trust, las asociaciones CaBA y los Grupos de Acción contra Inundaciones de la Comunidad Local.
In the French Pays de la Loire region, where AA-Floods partner Université de Nantes is located, heavy rains in early- to mid-February caused flooding or evacuations due to flood risk in the towns of Ancenis, Rochefort-sur-Loire, several towns in the Vendée department, and towns in the wetlands southwest of Nantes, among others. Warnings issued on ...
The article Evaluation of multi-hazard map produced using MaxEnt machine learning technique, published las March in the journal Nature, proposes the elaboration of maps of multiple hazards from the use of the MaxEnt* methodology (Maximum Entropy) for the identification of areas sensitive to large-scale hazards. As explained in the Nature article: “Maximum entropy has been ...
The new technological resources that we have available on our mobile devices, especially virtual reality and augmented reality, allow us to disseminate relevant and useful information to a greater number of recipients, and to raise awareness on topics of general and particular interest. Accessibility to that information is key: The channel used and how it ...
In the article, Electrical Grid Risk Assessment Against Floodin in Barcelona and Bristol Cities, published in MPDI and also disseminated from the European rescUE Project, it is explained in this scientific article how the electricity grid is exposed to suffer the consequences of floods in urban and peri-urban areas, since these have been designed taking ...
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As advocated by AA-FLOODS, this article demonstrates the existence of clear regional patterns in European river floods in the last 50 years due to a changing climate. Global Warming increases evaporation in the seas, greater water retention that is related to more intense rains in certain regions.